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FCUSA:  Active Members
1553
2030
2210
2223
2452
2463
2520
2545
2622
2629
2720
2733
2737
2759
2765
2780

2920
3010
3121
3233
3432

3620
3660
3730
3760
3780
3820
3860
4123
4232
4431
4620
4940
5220
5450
5720
6300
6600
8000
10100

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FCUSA: (light seekers)  
2120
2340
2356
2510
2531
2620
2660
2760
2774
2880
2922
2927
3143
3151
3160
3260
3320
3442
3562
3761
3860
3930
5000
5110
5150
5220
5310
5541
5732
5931
6220

6440
6810
7405
7620
8320
8630
8800
10200

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USA:         
 
757
1320
1475
1594
1696
1697
1750
1775
1832
1838
1940
1946
1952
1974
1985
1996
2130
2210
2321
2510
2718

2820
2930
3300
3320
3337
3357
3430
3623
3822
4010
4150
4331
4510
4905
5320
6510
6810
7200
8300

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Canada: 
  
724
1310
1464
1501
1630
1631
1740
1771
1810
1815
1920
1922
1926
1946
1951
1956
2120
2220
2310
2511
2730

2830
2920
3100
3130
3145
3195
3270
3434
3611
3810
4120
4403
4610
5020
5210
5620
5860
6400
8100

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World:    
 
766
1345
1637
1662
2150
2230
2410
2431
2520
2532
2630
2636
2643
2654
2662
2665
2820
3000
3120
3313
3532
3760
3820
4000
4110
4132
4321
4620
4932
5221
5410
5650
5820
6320
6611
7300
8400
9000
9800
10200

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% of human hearts open: 65%
% of hearts fully open:     50%
% of human minds open: 55%
% of minds fully open:     44%


Human Earthplane:    4.1
FCUSA Members:       4.1
FCUSA Lightseekers: 4.2

Self Belief: 45%       Creator Belief: 65%
Self Love:  55%       Creator Love:  70%
Self Trust: 40%
        Creator Trust: 65%
Self-respect:
45%
    Creator Respect: 55%
 

Evolution Scale:
6th Dimension
6.0 - 6.12

5th Dimension
5.0 - 5.12
4th Dimension

4.0 - 4.12

3rd Dimension

3.0 - 3.12


Learn more...

Enlightenment 

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Mother Earth is extremely important to us. She is the sacred vessel that contains the singularity that gave birth to our galaxy. She and she alone holds within her the Light energy stargate that sustains all the realities which make up our galaxy.

Jeshua

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 Hydrogen 



Iceland's Hydrogen Buses Zip to Oil-Free Economy


REYKJAVIK - Hydrogen, tested in buses from Amsterdam to Vancouver and used in the rockets of the US space shuttle, is a clean power that promises to break dependence on oil and gas -- at least in Iceland.

"Sometimes I have to explain to passengers that it's just water vapour," the driver said of white clouds trailing after his bus along the streets of the capital, Reykjavik. "When it's very cold there's a lot of white steam."

With almost unlimited geothermal energy sizzling beneath its surface, Iceland has an official goal of making the country oil-free by shifting cars, buses, trucks and ships over to hydrogen by about 2050.

By then, in theory, the only oil used on the volcanic North Atlantic island will be in planes visiting Reykjavik airport.

Other countries, such as the United States, where President George W. Bush is a strong backer of hydrogen, face a far tougher path.

About 70 percent of Iceland's energy needs, from home heating to electricity for aluminium smelters, are already met by geothermal or hydro-electric power. Only the transport sector is still hooked on polluting oil and gas.

"When the Vikings came here they were only using renewables, like wind and solar energy," said Bragi Arnason, a professor of chemistry at the University of Iceland who is known as "Professor Hydrogen".

SOLAR ENERGY

"Like the rest of the world they were in a solar energy civilisation," he said. "Now we are watching the first steps towards a hydrogen economy. That could be one step back to the way of the Vikings."

Hydrogen's big drawback is that it is very expensive to produce -- either by splitting water into its components of hydrogen and oxygen or by separating hydrogen from natural gas or methane.

With current technology, burning oil to make hydrogen to run a bus produces more pollution than simply running the bus on oil. Iceland sees itself as a testing ground, where almost unlimited heat from hot springs can be tapped for experiments.

Car makers from Tokyo to Detroit have visited Iceland's hydrogen projects to discuss fuel cell design, Arnason said. The world's first hydrogen filling station, run by Shell, opened in Reykjavik in April 2003.

"People say Iceland is a very small country and can't be copied. But it's a real society, with infrastructure similar to big societies," Arnason said. "We can start in Iceland on a small scale."

Bush, for instance, wants to break reliance on Middle Eastern oil supplies as part of a wider quest for national security with a $1.2 billion scheme to promote hydrogen.

BETTER THAN KYOTO?

Washington says new technologies like hydrogen are a better long-term way to cut pollution and combat global warming than the UN's 128-nation Kyoto protocol.

Bush dismayed even US allies by pulling out of Kyoto in 2001. Kyoto seeks to rein in emissions of heat-trapping gases, mainly released by burning oil and gas in factories, cars and power plants.

Hydrogen bus projects have also been launched in cities including Barcelona, Chicago, Hamburg, London, Madrid, Stockholm, Beijing and Perth, Australia.

The efficiency of the hydrogen fuel cells will decide if the ventures take off into the wider car market.

"The idea is that the buses should be twice as efficient as an internal combustion engine," said Jon Bjorn Skulason, general manager of Icelandic New Energy Ltd, which is in charge of seeking new applications for hydrogen like the bus fleet.

Greater engine efficiency would compensate for the inefficiency of producing hydrogen.

Among other problems, some scientists say the atmosphere might simply become too cloudy in a hydrogen economy, emitting vast amounts of water vapour, perhaps reflecting sunlight back to space or trapping it and warming the globe.

Iceland's buses, made by DaimlerChrysler, cost about 1.25 million euros ($1.67 million) each, or three to four times more than a diesel-powered bus, Skulason said. It takes about 6-10 minutes to refill a hydrogen bus, giving a range of 400 km.

In Reykjavik, hydrogen is produced using technology developed by Norwegian energy and aluminium group Norsk Hydro. Competitors include Canada's Stuart Energy and the German industrial group mg technologies.

The Reykjavik bus driver said diesel and hydrogen buses were similar to drive. "But the hydrogen bus is less noisy. Sitting in a diesel bus for nine hours sometimes gives you a headache. These buses don't have that problem."

Story by Alister Doyle

Story Date: 10/1/2005

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